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Sunday, June 16, 2024

Aani masa pravesam 2024 - something on ISO, months and calendars !!

Sure you have heard of ISO – the Global standards for trusted goods and services.  These Standards define what great looks like, setting consistent benchmarks for businesses and consumers alike — ensuring reliability, building trust, and simplifying choices. International standards are available for consideration and use worldwide. The most prominent such organization is the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).  Know what is ISO 8601 !! 

National standardization activity started in India in 1947 with the establishment of the Indian Standards Institution (ISI) as a society under the Societies Registration Act 1860.  The Government of India   created a statutory organization as the national standards body -  Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). BIS came into being on 1 April 1987.


இன்று 15.6.2024 -ஆனி  மாசப்பிறப்பு .. திருவல்லிக்கேணி திவ்யதேசத்தில் ஸ்ரீபார்த்தசாரதி எம்பெருமான் சிறிய மாட வீதி புறப்பாடு கண்டருளினார். 

தமிழ் நாட்காட்டியின்படி ஆண்டின் மூன்றாவது மாதம் ஆனி ஆகும். சூரியன் மிதுன இராசியுட் புகுந்து அதைவிட்டு வெளியேறும் வரையிலான 31 நாள், 36 நாடி, 38 விநாடி கொண்ட கால அளவே மாதமாகும். வசதிக்காக இந்த மாதம் 30 நாட்கள், அல்லது 31 சில சமயங்கள் மேலும் ஓரு நாள் கொண்டதாக அமையும். ஆனி மாசம் நீண்ட பகல்களை கொண்டது.  கோடை வெப்பமும் அதிகமாக தாக்கும்.  இது மிதுன மாசம் / ஜேஷ்டா மாசம் என்றும் அறியப்படுகிறது.  தமிழ் மாத அளவீட்டில்,  பவுர்ணமி அன்று எந்த நட்சத்திரமோ அதுவே அந்த மாதத்தின் பெயராக இருக்கும். அன்றைக்கு ஒரு பண்டிகையாகவும் விழாவாகவும் இருக்கும் .

சித்ரா நட்சத்திரத்தன்று தான் சித்திரை மாசத்தில் பவுர்ணமி வரும் .அதனால் சித்திரை மாதம் என்றானது.  விசாக சம்மந்தமானது வைசாகம். விசாக நட்சத்திரத்தில் பெரும்பாலும் பவுர்ணமி ஏற்படுகிற மாதம் தான் வைசாகி.  அனுஷ நட்சத்திர சம்மந்தமானது ஆனுஷீ. அந்த நட்சத்திரத்தில் பவுர்ணமி ஏற்படுகிற மாதம் ஆனுஷீமாசம். தமிழில் ஷ என்ற எழுத்து உதிர்ந்து ஆனி என்றாயிற்று !!.  

Lot of things are traced to Greece. Various ancient Greek calendars began in most states of ancient Greece between autumn and winter except for the Attic calendar, which began in summer.  The Greeks, as early as the time of Homer, appear to have been familiar with the division of the year into the twelve lunar months but no intercalary month Embolimos or day is then mentioned, with twelve months of 354 days.  Independent of the division of a month into days, it was divided into periods according to the increase and decrease of the moon.   

The Greeks considered each day of the month to be attributed to a different entity, such as the seventh day of each month being dedicated to Apollo. The month in which the year began, as well as the names of the months, differed among the states, and in some parts even no names existed for the months, as they were distinguished only numerically, as the first, second, third, fourth month, etc. Another way that scholars kept time was referred to as the Olympiad. This meant that the Olympic Games had just occurred and according to the four-year span, the games would not be held for another three years.  Of primary importance for the reconstruction of the regional Greek calendars is the calendar of Delphi, because of the numerous documents found there recording the manumission of slaves, many of which are dated both in the Delphian and in a regional calendar. 

It was not until the second century BCE that the ancient Greek calendars adopted a numerical system for naming months. The newly numerical calendars were also created in regions federated from the leagues of Phokis, Ozolian Locris, and Akhaia. The Athenian calendar is best known. The year began, in theory, with the appearance of the first new moon after the summer solstice, and the months were Hekatombaion, Metageitnion, Boedromion, Pyanopsion, Maimakterion, Posideon, Gamelion, Anthesterion, Elaphebolion, Mounichion, Thargelion, and Skirophorion. All were named after festivals held in the month.  

Moving away, at present, Japan uses the Gregorian calendar together with year designations stating the year of the reign of the current Emperor. The written form starts with the year, then the month and finally the day, coinciding with the ISO 8601 standardISO 8601 is an international standard covering the worldwide exchange and communication of date and time-related data. It is maintained by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was first published in 1988, with updates in 1991, 2000, 2004, and 2019, and an amendment in 2022.    

The era name system was  introduced from China, and has been in continuous use since AD 701. The reigning Emperor chooses the name associated with their regnal eras; before 1868, multiple names were chosen throughout the same emperor's rule, such as to commemorate a major event. For instance, the Emperor Kōmei's reign (1846–1867) was split into seven eras, one of which lasted only one year. The nengō system remains in wide use, especially on official documents and government forms. It is also in general use in private and personal business. 


Back home, it is Salivahana 1946 – Kali 5125 – Krothi varusham -  Utharayanam – kreeshma ruthu, Mithuna Masa pravesam – ie., 15.6.2024 – Aani masa pirappu and at Thiruvallikkeni there was purappadu of Sri Parthasarathi Emperuman.  Here are some photos of the purappadu.

adiyen Srinivasa dhasan
Mamandur Veeravalli Srinivasan Sampathkumar

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